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Rush gained the support of Benjamin Franklin and Philadelphia Attorney General William Bradford. In 1794, Pennsylvania repealed the death penalty for all offenses except first degree murder.
(Bohm, 1999; Randa, 1997; and Schabas, 1997) Nineteenth Century In the early to mid-Nineteenth Century, the abolitionist movement gained momentum in the northeast.
The death penalty was also part of the Fourteenth Century B. C.'s Draconian Code of Athens, which made death the only punishment for all crimes; and in the Fifth Century B. Death sentences were carried out by such means as crucifixion, drowning, beating to death, burning alive, and impalement. D., hanging became the usual method of execution in Britain.
In the following century, William the Conqueror would not allow persons to be hanged or otherwise executed for any crime, except in times of war.
The Conference brings together 30 inmates who were freed from death row because of innocence.
The first established death penalty laws date as far back as the Eighteenth Century B. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon, which codified the death penalty for 25 different crimes.
(Bohm, 1999) During the Civil War, opposition to the death penalty waned, as more attention was given to the anti-slavery movement.
The New York Colony instituted the Duke's Laws of 1665.This trend would not last, for in the Sixteenth Century, under the reign of Henry VIII, as many as 72,000 people are estimated to have been executed.Some common methods of execution at that time were boiling, burning at the stake, hanging, beheading, and drawing and quartering.Under these laws, offenses such as striking one's mother or father, or denying the "true God," were punishable by death.(Randa, 1997)The abolitionist movement finds its roots in the writings of European theorists Montesquieu, Voltaire and Bentham, and English Quakers John Bellers and John Howard.