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Textile number T.231-1923 held at the V&A Museum in London includes small swastikas in its design.This piece was found at Qau-el-Kebir, near Asyut, and is dated between AD 300 and 600.To Jews and the enemies of Nazi Germany, it became a symbol of antisemitism and terror. The earliest known textual use of the word swastika is in Panini's Ashtadhyayi, where it is used to explain one of the Sanskrit grammar rules, in the context of a type of identifying mark on cow's ear.under the commonly used IAST transliteration system, but is pronounced closer to "swastika" when letters are used with their English values. Left: a left facing swastika, also called counterclockwise, appears in the Bon tradition; Right: a right facing swastika, typically called clockwise, appears commonly in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.
but in the 1930s, it became the main feature of Nazi symbolism as an emblem of Aryan race identity, and as a result, it has become stigmatized in the West by association with ideas of racism, hatred, and mass murder., gammadion, cross cramponnée, croix gammée, fylfot, or tetraskelion, and in Japan as the Manji.The investigators put forth the theory that the swastika traveled from India via Tartar trade routes through Kamchatka to the Americas, where it appeared in both Aztec and Mayan civilizations.It also moved westward, according to these researchers, from India to Finland, Scandinavia, the British Highlands and other parts of Europe.The swastika was adopted by several organizations in pre–World War I Europe and later, and most notably, by the Nazi Party and Nazi Germany prior to World War II.It was used by the Nazi Party to symbolize German nationalistic pride.